Enquête ethnobotanique sur les plantes médicinales utilisées dans le bassin de la rivière Ebola (Réserve Forestière d’Abumombazi) en République démocratique du Congo
Publication Date : 29/06/2023
The aim of this study was to inventory the medicinal plants used in the Ebola River basin in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The majority (81.8%) of respondents were men (vs. 18.2% of women). The majority (52.9%) of respondents had secondary education; 29.8% had primary education and almost 1.0% (0.8%) had university education. 41.3% of the respondents are between 31-45 years of age; 29.8% of the respondents are between 18-30 years of age, 25.6% are over 45 years of age and 3.3% of the respondents are under 18 years of age. 82.6% of the respondents are married, while 17.4% are single. For 48.8% of respondents, the household size is 5-10 persons. 38.0% have a household size of less than 5 persons, 8.3% of households have between 11-15 persons and 5.0% of households have more than 15 persons. 32 plant species (of which five have not yet been identified) have been recorded and belong to 26 genera and 19 families. The main parts used are the leaf (40.6%) and the root (31.3%). 96.9% of respondents use the drug in a fresh state, while only 3.1% use it in a dry state. General pain, sexual weakness, back pain and tooth decay are the main illnesses treated by these medicinal plants. 90.6% of the respondents believe that the patients get better after the treatment. Apart from their medicinal role, the plants inventoried are also used in the area as fuel wood or timber. The identification of forest resources as well as their valorization and protection is becoming an imperative duty in North Ubangi in order to contribute to its sustainable development strategies.
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